Table version 4.0

Vowel

IPA L&H+ Description IPA Unicode Example IPA Transcription L&H+ Transcription
ɑ A open back 0251 g(o)t ˈgɑt 'gAt
ɛ E open-mid front 025B f(e)ll ˈfɛl 'fEl
i i close front 0069 f(ee)l ˈfil 'fil
ɪ I mid-high mid-front 026A f(i)ll ˈfɪl 'fIl
ɔ O open-mid back rounded 0254 f(a)ll ˈfɔl 'fOl
u u close back rounded 0075 f(oo)l ˈful 'ful
ə $ central (schwa) 0259 (a)llow ə.ˈla͡ʊ $.'la&U
æ @ mid-low front 00E6 c(a)t ˈkæt 'k@t
ʌ ^ open-mid back 028C c(u)t ˈkʌt 'k^t
ʊ U mid-high back rounded 028A f(u)ll ˈfʊl 'fUl
ɜ E0 open-mid central 025C c(u)rt ˈkɜɻt 'kE0R+t

Diphthong

IPA L&H+ Description IPA Unicode Example IPA Transcription L&H+ Transcription
e͡ɪ e&I from close-mid front to mid-high mid-front 0065 +
0361 +
026A
f(ai)l ˈfe͡ɪl 'fe&Il
ɔ͡ɪ O&I from open-mid back rounded to mid-high mid-front 0254 +
0361 +
026A
f(oi)l ˈfɔ͡ɪl 'fO&Il
a͡ɪ a&I from open front to mid-high mid-front 0061 +
0361 +
026A
f(i)le ˈfa͡ɪl 'fa&Il
a͡ʊ a&U from open front to mid-high back rounded 0061 +
0361 +
028A
f(ou)l ˈfa͡ʊl 'fa&Ul
o͡ʊ o&U from close-mid back rounded to mid-high back rounded 006F +
0361 +
028A
g(oa)l ˈgo͡ʊl 'go&Ul

Consonant (Pulmonic)

IPA L&H+ Description IPA Unicode Example IPA Transcription L&H+ Transcription
j j palatal approximant voiced 006A (y)es ˈjɛs 'jEs
w w labial velar approximant voiced 0077 (wh)y ˈwa͡ɪ 'wa&I
p p bilabial plosive voiceless 0070 (p)it ˈpɪt 'pIt
b b bilabial plosive voiced 0062 (b)it ˈbɪt 'bIt
t t alveolar plosive voiceless 0074 (t)op ˈtɑp 'tAp
d d alveolar plosive voiced 0064 (d)ig ˈdɪg 'dIg
k k velar plosive voiceless 006B (c)at ˈkæt 'k@t
g g velar plosive voiced 0067 (g)ot ˈgɑt 'gAt
f f labiodental fricative voiceless 0066 (f)at ˈfæt 'f@t
v v labiodental fricative voiced 0076 (v)at ˈvæt 'v@t
s s alveolar fricative voiceless 0073 (s)eal ˈsil 'sil
z z alveolar fricative voiced 007A (z)eal ˈzil 'zil
ʃ S postalveolar fricative voiceless 0283 (sh)ip ˈʃɪp 'SIp
ʒ Z postalveolar fricative voiced 0292 lei(s)ure ˈli.ʒəɻ 'li.Z$R+
h h glottal fricative voiceless 0068 (h)at ˈhæt 'h@t
m m bilabial nasal voiced 006D (m)an ˈmæn 'm@n
n n alveolar nasal voiced 006E (n)ut ˈnʌt 'n^t
ŋ nK velar nasal voiced 014B ri(ng) ˈɻɪŋ 'R+InK
l l alveolar lateral approximant 006C (l)ip ˈlɪp 'lIp
ʔ ? glottal plosive 0294 ()eat ˈʔit '?it
θ T dental fricative voiceless 03B8 (th)in ˈθɪn 'TIn
ð D dental fricative voiced 00F0 (th)en ˈðɛn 'DEn
ɻ R+ retroflex approximant voiced 027B (r)ip ˈɻɪp 'R+Ip
ɾ r6 alveolar flap voiced 027E bu(tt)er ˈbʌ.ɾəɻ 'b^.r6$R+
n%) alveolar nasal voiced syllabic 006E +
0329
did(n')t ˈdɪ.dn̩t 'dI.dn%)t
l%) alveolar lateral approximant syllabic 006C +
0329
batt(le) ˈbæ.ɾl̩ 'b@.r6l%)

Affricate

IPA L&H+ Description IPA Unicode Example IPA Transcription L&H+ Transcription
t͡ʃ t&S affricate voiceless from alveolar to postalveolar 0074 +
0361 +
0283
ca(tch) ˈkæt͡ʃ 'k@t&S
d͡ʒ d&Z affricate voiced from alveolar to postalveolar 0064 +
0361 +
0292
(j)ourney ˈd͡ʒɜɻ.ni 'd&ZE0R+.ni

Suprasegmental

IPA L&H+ Description IPA Unicode
. . syllable break 002E
ˈ ' primary stress 02C8
ˌ '2 secondary stress 02CC

Other symbol

IPA L&H+ Description
None " sentence accent
None # silence (pause)
None _ word delimitor
None *. end of declarative
None *, comma
None *! end of exclamation
None *? end of question
None *; semicolon
None *: colon