What it does ¶
ALNavigation API allows the user to perform safe displacements when using the robot.
NAO cannot yet avoid obstacles, but he is able to move cautiously, stopping as soon as an obstacle enters its security zone.
Pepper may also use the ALNavigation API in several modes:
How it works ¶
Obstacle avoidance ¶
While moving, the robot tries to detect obstacles in its move direction, using all its sensors.
Safety map ¶
The safety map is used for motion safety, local navigation, and free zone APIs.
This map is built from merging data coming from all the sensors able to help, such as 3D camera, laser, sonar, etc.
Potential obstacles may stay in memory even when they are not directly seen anymore. This long term memory may keep obstacle up to 15 seconds.
Exploration and Localization ¶
Pepper is able to:
- Explore autonomously an unknown environment;
- Build a map of this environment;
- Localize himself and navigate inside this map.
The process of simultaneously localizing himself and mapping an unknown environment is known as SLAM. During exploration, Pepper uses his odometry and laser sensors to perform SLAM.
Once Pepper is done exploring, the map can be retrieved as a 2D image.