ALMotion

Overview | API | Advanced


What it does

The ALMotion module provides methods which facilitate making the robot move.

Control

It contains four major groups of methods for controlling the:

Reflexes

The ALMotion module implements also some “reflexes” such as Self-collision avoidance , External-collision avoidance , Fall manager , Smart Stiffness and Diagnosis effect .

The reflexes are activated by default and modify the behavior of your robot.
More specifically, they:

Advanced users may need to deactivate all or part of the reflexes. For further details see: Deactivation of non-critical safety reflexes .

Idle

The module also provides tools to define the robot behavior when no user command is sent. See Idle .

Tools

This module gives also access to useful information about the robot hardware, such as the number of joints, their name, limits, the available sensors and so on. See General tools .

How it works

ALMotion runs at 50Hz (cycle of 20ms).

In ALMotion , every time you call a public method to request a motion, a “motion task” is created to handle the job. See Motion task to learn how to manage these tasks.

Performance and Limitations

Performance

ALMotion is a core module. As it manages some reflexes and updates the model every cycle, the module consumes a constant CPU. This consumption could increase during special tasks like walk.

The table below gives you some hints of ALMotion CPU consumption.

Task \ Processor Atom (NAO V4)
update Model 3%
walking 10.8%

Adaptation to pepp Pepper specificities

We have tried hard to maintain a unique Motion API for both NAO and Pepper .

However, some adaptations were necessary:

Group Main adaptations For further details, see ...
Stiffness Manual Stiffness control is forbidden for Pepper ‘s lower part. Stiffness control
Locomotion control

Specific stability constraints on the leg.

Locomotion methods are prohibited if power hatch is open.

Locomotion control
Cartesian control Most of the methods are unusable. Cartesian control
Whole Body control Do not use any Whole Body control methods. Whole Body control
Safety reflexes A specific safety reflex is dedicated. Push Recovery
A specific safety reflex is dedicated. Slope compensation
Frontal security distance is correlated with speed. External-collision avoidance
Hardware issues trigger specific Rest reflexes . Diagnosis effect

Getting Started

Essential information to deal with ALMotion :

Axis definition

The X axis is positive toward the robot’s front, the Y from right to left and the Z is vertical.

https://developers.softbankrobotics.com/sites/default/files/repository/56_html_nao/_images/axis_def.png

SI - International System of Unit

The ALMotion module uses the SI - International System of Units (meters, second, radian...).

How to name joints and body parts

Depending on the method chosen, ALMotion requires to name joints, group of joints or a body part.

called ... are used by ...
Body parts Effectors Cartesian control and Whole Body control
Joint names can be called individually or by groups Chains Stiffness control , Joint control , General tools and Motion task .

For further details, see:

Advanced Users

Motion from scratch

If you are familiar with the ALMotion definition and you want to go further creating advanced behavior in C++ like a new reflex, a better object tracker or use at the same time DCM module and ALMotion , see: Motion - advanced .

Deactivation of non-critical safety reflexes

Deactivation of very critical reflexes is not allowed under normal use.

To deactivate non-critical reflexes, use the relevant setNameOfReflexEnabled method.

The list below specifies whether the reflex deactivation is critical or not:

Method nao NAO pepp Pepper
ALMotionProxy::setCollisionProtectionEnabled OK OK
ALMotionProxy::setDiagnosisEffectEnabled OK OK
ALMotionProxy::setSmartStiffnessEnabled OK OK
ALMotionProxy::setExternalCollisionProtectionEnabled OK Critical , Arms excepted
ALMotionProxy::setFallManagerEnabled Critical Critical
ALMotionProxy::setPushRecoveryEnabled NA Critical